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Table 1 Comparison of definition/characteristics and cutoff values for sarcopenia by EWGSOP, AWGS, and IWGS criteria

From: Age-related sarcopenia and its pathophysiological bases

  EWGSOP [8] AWGS [9] IWGS [10]
Definition/characteristics A syndrome characterized by progressive and generalized loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength with a risk of adverse outcomes Age-related decline of skeletal muscle plus low muscle strength and/or physical performance Age-associated loss of skeletal muscle mass and function
SMI 7.26 kg/m2 for men and 5.5 kg/m2 for women (by DXA). 8.87 kg/m2 for men and 6.42 kg/m2 for women (by BIA) 7.0 kg/m2 for men and 5.4 kg/m2 for women (by DXA). 7.0 kg/m2 for men and 5.7 kg/m2 for women (by BIA) 7.23 kg/m2 for men and 5.67 kg/m2 for women (by DXA)
Walking speed <0.8 m/s <0.8 m/s <1.0 m/s
Grip force <30 kg for men
<20 kg for women
<26 kg for men
<18 kg for women
Not specified