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Table 4 Properties of articular cartilage chondrocyte

From: Shear bioreactors stimulating chondrocyte regeneration, a systematic review

Chondrocyte  
Role Development, maintenance, and repair of the extracellular matrix (ECM).
Origin Mesenchymal stem cells
Volume 2% of the total volume of articular cartilage.
Shape, number, and size Vary in shape, number, and size, depending on the anatomical regions of the articular cartilage.
Respond to stimuli Respond to a variety of mechanical stimuli and growth factors
Replication Detectable cell division, limited potential for replication
Synthesis matrix Responsible for both the synthesis and the breakdown of the cartilaginous matrix.
Differentiation Highly differentiated cell, highly specialized, metabolically active cells
Adaption by low oxygen Well adapted by low oxygen consumption to conditions